Design of Dual Band Patch Antenna Array
Low profile antennas are very useful in applications such as missile, aircraft, cellular applications and satellites, because in these types of applications, some commonly important constraints are cost, size, weight, performance and easy installation. Microstrip patch antenna fits quite comfortably in this category.
This thesis work aimed to design the dual band microstrip patch antenna arrays operating at frequencies of 3.5 GHz and 5.0 GHz. Two schemes were used to design the antenna array which is the antenna array with same patch size and antenna array with alternating patch size. Different array configuration with 2, 4, 8 and 16 elements were designed and simulated in Agilent Inc EDA tool ADS using Roger RO4350B substrate with a height of 1.524 mm, and transmission-line model was used for the analysis. Array configuration with 2, 4 and 8 elements were fabricated, and results were measured with the help of the network analyzer in the Lab. Distinct antenna parameters were studied such as VSWR, impedance bandwidth, gain, directivity, antenna radiation efficiency, axial ratio and radiation pattern to evaluate the performance of antennas. Focusing on impedance bandwidth it can be claimed that the microstrip patch antenna arrays have better performance as compared to the single microstrip patch antenna designed.
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