Recovery Performance in Redundant Campus Network

University essay from Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE); Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data– och Elektroteknik (IDE)

Abstract: Over years, there have been tremendous changes in internetworking technologies and there are a number of real time applications that are flooded into the market. Most real-time applications are sensitive to traffic loss because of their nature of exchanging data without acknowledgement. In any type of data network, redundancy is important to backup and recover the connectivity without human intervention in case of device or link failure. However, it is very crucial to design an optimal redundant network, particularly for real-time applications providing minimal losses during fail-over. Configuration of redundancy in different networks varies and depends on the equipment and network design itself. This thesis focuses on the redundancy needed in campus network design which is quite popular nowadays in most of medium and large enterprises, universities or government agencies. Two major designs of redundancy are studied: default gateway redundancy and routed access. In the first option, the one logical segment of network uses common L2 switches while in the other – the same segment is constructed with more expensive advanced multilayer switches. The network is built in the lab environment. As an example of real-time communication the VoIP call is simulated in the network. The failures on different areas of nodes or links are caused manually. Results of packet loss during fail-over are recorded. The baseline of recovery performance is constructed using these results which are derived from different scenarios using different configurations and equipment. The baseline data is evaluated and conclusion is made on the trade-offs, limitations, advantages and disadvantages of the redundancy options in the campus network design. The work done in this thesis is supportive for network architects and designers to take into consideration the equipment and configuration to be used when implementing redundancy for real-time communications. The results and conclusion will support them in choosing the options for constructing the redundant network, or taking into account the trade-offs when migrating from one option to another.

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