Trafficking Dilemmas. The Phenomena of Women Trafficking and Re-Trafficking - A case Study of Albania

University essay from Lunds universitet/Master of Science in Development Studies; Lunds universitet/Graduate School; Lunds universitet/Socialhögskolan

Abstract: Human trafficking is a transnational phenomenon and it has been one of the most hotly debated issues in the development agenda for the last decade. This thesis focuses the attention on the phenomenon of women trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and takes as a case study the Republic of Albania. Albania has been, especially during the 90s, widely touched by the phenomenon, and since the phenomenon of trafficking has been acknowledged by the Albanian government and the international community, many projects have been launched, both at a national and international level. During the years, social services have been implemented in order to give emotional and psychological support to the women. However some reported cases shows that after a period of rehabilitation and re-integration, within the Albanian society, some of the women ones more fall into another trafficking situation. This is called re-trafficking. This work aims to give an understanding of the phenomenon of trafficking and re-trafficking through a social workers’ point of view by applying a gender perspective to the analysis. Within the case study, eight semi-structured interviews with social workers were conducted and six interviews with key-informants were performed. Evidence from the analysis of the interviews highlights the crucial role that the bridge between the economical structure and gender inequality plays within the phenomena of trafficking and re-trafficking. The social workers, civil society and the state must all work together in synergy if they want to prevent the phenomena.

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