Essays about: "PES"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 23 essays containing the word PES.

  1. 1. Environmental issues from sugarcane plantations in Brazil and how to handle them with market-based instruments

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Miljövetenskaplig utbildning

    Author : Freja Milton; [2019]
    Keywords : Market-based instruments; environmental offsets; Payments for ecosystem services; PES; Brazil; bioplastic; biopolymer; sugarcane; certification; environmental impacts from sugarcane cultivations.; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : This study is a literature review of three market-based instruments used for land management; environmental offsets, payments for ecosystem services (PES) and certification, and how they could be used to mitigate environmental impacts from sugarcane cultivation in Brazil when purchasing biopolymers. The study showed that certification is the most common market-based instrument in Brazil. READ MORE

  2. 2. The Grass is Always Bluer. An investigation into the applicability of Market-based Governance for Seagrass in Sweden

    University essay from Lunds universitet/LUCSUS

    Author : David Boyd; [2019]
    Keywords : Blue carbon; Seagrass; Sweden; Payment for ecosystem services; Loss and Damage; coastal management; market based environmental governance; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : In recent years the concept of “Blue carbon” has brought attention to the importance of Mangroves, Seagrass and Saltmarsh ecosystems in carbon cycles. Concerns over climate change has had countries commit to decreasing CO2 emissions, often using natural processes to sequester CO2. READ MORE

  3. 3. Payment for ecosystem services in Vietnam : Perceptions of policy mobility on different levels

    University essay from Uppsala universitet/Kulturgeografiska institutionen

    Author : Therese Engwall; [2019]
    Keywords : PES; Fairness; Effectivity; Inclusivity; Communication;

    Abstract : Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) has been seen as a strategy to reduce poverty while maintaining and increasing the supply of ecosystem services. Vietnam is the first country in Southeast Asia to implement PES as a law for forest protection. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Authorized OECD Approach for the attribution of profits to Permanent Establishments in a Post-BEPS World : An analysis of the Authorized OECD Approach for the attribution of profits to Permanent Establishments which arise from commissionaire arrangements under BEPS Action 7

    University essay from Uppsala universitet/Juridiska institutionen

    Author : Sevil Aliyeva; [2018]
    Keywords : The Authorized OECD Approach; commissionaire arrangements; attribution of profits to permanent establishments; BEPS; Action 7;

    Abstract : The BEPS Project has led to unprecedented changes in international taxation rules. In this respect, the recent changes made to the definition of permanent establishment (PE) under BEPS Action 7 target aggressive tax structures used by multinationals enterprises (MNEs). READ MORE

  5. 5. Labour Market Integration of Female Refugees - A comparative study of the Swedish and Norwegian labout markets

    University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

    Author : Zainab Fakih; [2017-11-24]
    Keywords : female refugees; refugees; labout market; labour market integration; integration; introduction programme; Sweden; Norway;

    Abstract : Despite the considerable attention the labour market integration of female refugees receives from policy-makers and researchers, their employment rates are still the lowest among other population groups across Europe. Many studies have addressed the barriers that female refugees confront to access the labour market, which have largely presented the perspective of policy-makers and academics. READ MORE