Essays about: "Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 166 essays containing the words Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis.

  1. 1. Modelling gross primary production in semi-arid regions: effects on carbon uptake of intensive agriculture in southern Kenya

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Malin Ahlbäck; [2020]
    Keywords : Physical Geography; Ecosystem Analysis; GPP; Africa; Kenya; Land cover changes; Cropland; Remote sensing; Sentinel-2; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Background and aim: Gross primary production (GPP) is the largest global carbon (C) flux and an important component for counteracting anthropogenic CO2 emissions, understanding vegetation dynamics, and sustaining universal human standards. Africa plays a prominent role in the global C cycle, though our understanding of GPP dynamics is largely hampered by a paucity of ground-based observations. READ MORE

  2. 2. ENSO teleconnections - Analysis of time lag between tropical Pacific sea surface temperature and climate and vegetation anomalies

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Jiri Navrátil; [2020]
    Keywords : Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis; ENSO; teleconnections; climate; NDVI; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) affects weather and climate in regions spread all around the Earth via teleconnections. While quite a lot of research has been done on recognizing what regions are affected by these and what is the sign of the associated temperature, rainfall and vegetation anomalies, not that much attention has been paid to the timing of the impacts with respect to the ENSO state. READ MORE

  3. 3. NDVI time series analysis for desert locust outbreak detection and quantification analysis of its impact on vegetation productivity of Sahel

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Evangelos Oikonomopoulos; [2020]
    Keywords : Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis; Primary Productivity; Desert Locust; NDVI; Time Series Analysis; Outbreak Detection; Food Security; Sahel; Insect Disturbances; GEM; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : It has been shown that the semi-arid environment of the Sahelian belt plays an important role in the global carbon uptake as the fluctuation of its primary productivity can be determinant for the global carbon uptake. The insect Schistocerca gregaria commonly known as the desert locust is a disturbance factor that can affect the vegetation productivity for consecutive seasons. READ MORE

  4. 4. A remote-sensing approach to studying drought resistance in Swedish old-growth and production forests

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Julika Wolf; [2020]
    Keywords : Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis; drought impacts; old-growth forests; forest management; remote sensing; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Boreal forest ecosystems are predicted to experience hotter and drier summers due to climate change, leading to more frequently reduced soil water availability and an increased risk of droughts, as was already the case in Northern Europe during the severe summer drought of 2018. Prolonged water stress in forest ecosystems can lead to impacts ranging from reduced photosynthesis to forest dieback. READ MORE

  5. 5. Automatic label placement for city maps with the labelling library PAL

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Pontus Cederholm; [2020]
    Keywords : Geography; Physical Geography and Ecosystem analysis; Cartography; Label Placement; Algorithms; Label Placement Rules; Labeling; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Automatic label placement on maps has been studied for many decades. This study has addressed the problem of automatic label placement by applying the labelling library PAL for labelling static, large scale city maps which the map company T-Kartor produces. Label placement rules were acquired from an interview with a person from the company. READ MORE