Essays about: "Weak States"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 123 essays containing the words Weak States.

  1. 1. How Multipolarity and Globalization Have Changed the Nature of Tax Multilateralism : A Comparison of the OECD Model Tax Convention Negotiation with the Negotiation of Pillar One and Two

    University essay from Uppsala universitet/Juridiska institutionen

    Author : Daniel Raddenbach; [2022]
    Keywords : tax; taxation; globalization; international relations; negotiation; Pillar One; Pillar Two; OECD; model tax treaty; multilateralism; cooperation; tax multilateralism; global minimum tax; digital services; bilateralism;

    Abstract : Can a multilateral negotiating process—that is, cooperation between many states in a single forum—successfully reform the network of bilateral tax treaties that currently makes up the bulk of international tax law? The BEPS Project aims to be the first major push for a multilateral tax process since the creation of the OECD’s Model Tax Convention in the 1960s. Through BEPS, the OECD and 130-plus countries are in final negotiations to implement Pillar One and Two, which will: (1) create a new taxing right for “market jurisdiction” countries on the profit of international companies that do business there without a physical presence; and (2) implement a top-up tax levied against companies that offshore profits from intangible assets in low-tax jurisdictions. READ MORE

  2. 2. AFTA and Regional Strengthening: The Effect of intra-ASEAN Trade on FDI Inflows

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen

    Author : Jannis Max Perzlmeier; [2022]
    Keywords : Exports; trade flows; FDI; ASEAN; AFTA; regional integration; Business and Economics;

    Abstract : his thesis investigates the effects of intra-ASEAN export flows on global FDI inflows into ASEAN member states. A panel dataset including all ten countries of the ASEAN is created to test these effects from 1992 to 2020. READ MORE

  3. 3. Defending the Defenders: International Protection for Local Human Rights Defenders in the Global South

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Juridiska institutionen; Lunds universitet/Juridiska fakulteten

    Author : Timothy Lincoln Reeves Jr; [2022]
    Keywords : Human Rights Defenders Global South International Regional Human Rights Systems Attacks violations Protection; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : Local human rights defenders play a significant role in the realization and enjoyment of human rights. Working alone or in association with others, they peacefully advocate for and promote fundamental freedoms and human rights for themselves and for their fellow citizens. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P): A Strong or Weak Norm? : A Case Study of the International Response to the Ongoing Civil War in Ethiopia.

    University essay from Uppsala universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

    Author : Emma Djupmark Ödegaard; [2022]
    Keywords : The Responsibility to Protect; R2P; The United Nations; Ethiopia; Humanitarian Crises; Norm Life Cycle Theory; Norm Evolution Processes.;

    Abstract : This essay conducts a Plausibility Probe Case Study focused on how the UN and the wider international community have approached the civil war in Ethiopia. Because the Ethiopian Government has been unable to protect its population, Ethiopia can be considered a typical case for the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). READ MORE

  5. 5. The Unification of Germany and Regional Economic Convergence: Evidence from Real Wage Data, 1850-1889

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen

    Author : David Vesterager Husfeldt; [2022]
    Keywords : convergence; economic history; real wages; Germany; Business and Economics;

    Abstract : This thesis studies the regional development of Germany in the 19th century, examining whether there was an increased tendency toward economic convergence between the German states following the country’s unification. Through a quantitative analysis using real wage data on various German cities and regions covering the period 1850-1889, the study looks for evidence of beta-convergence both before and after the unification of 1871, as well as evidence for sigma-convergence during the whole period. READ MORE