Essays about: "costing"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 117 essays containing the word costing.

  1. 1. Using a GIS to enable an economic, land use and energy output comparison between small wind powered turbines and large-scale wind farms: the case of Oslo, Norway.

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap

    Author : Colin Potter; [2023]
    Keywords : Geography; GIS; Wind power; Renewable energy sources; urban wind energy; urban areas; planning; vertical axis wind turbines; comparative studies; urban integrated energy systems; Oslo; Roan; Earth and Environmental Sciences;

    Abstract : Responding to an identified knowledge gap, the study aims to determine if smaller wind turbines located on top of existing urban buildings are more resource efficient (land utilization and economically) than large scale wind farms. To answer this question, using a GIS, the resource efficiency of the Roan wind farm in Northern Norway was compared to a theoretical modeled installation of small-scale wind turbines on top of buildings within a 2km radius study zone in central Oslo. READ MORE

  2. 2. Vilken effekt har specialsortiment på skördares produktivitet och bränsleförbrukning?

    University essay from SLU/Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology (from 131204)

    Author : Johanna Abrahamsson; [2023]
    Keywords : Kortvirkesmetoden; Aptering; Slutavverkning; Stocklängder; Antal sortiment;

    Abstract : Det svenska skogsbruket är uppbyggt kring att skördare apterar träd till önskade stocklängder i skogen. Vilken längd som apteras fram beror på flertalet faktorer, bl.a.; industriernas önskemål, val av apteringsberäkning och skogsbeståndets egenskaper. READ MORE

  3. 3. A Habitable Sea Barrier

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för arkitektur och byggd miljö

    Author : Marius Weber; [2022]
    Keywords : Rising sea levels; urban development; protection; coastal cities; coats; 2100; sustainable development; hydropower; wavepower; solarpower; future; theoretical; Arts and Architecture;

    Abstract : Sea levels are expected to rise by four meters by 2100, which would displace up to 630 million people, while millions of square kilometres of land would be lost, costing the global economy trillions of dollars. While this forecast is alarming, no long-term solution exists to handle permanently increased sea levels. READ MORE

  4. 4. Energy renovation packages for the decarbonisation of Swedish multifamily buildings

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Institutionen för arkitektur och byggd miljö; Lunds universitet/Avdelningen för Energi och byggnadsdesign

    Author : Bhavik Daya; Hugh Nolan; [2022]
    Keywords : Decarbonisation; Renovation; Multi-family homes; Life Cycle Assessment; Life Cycle Costing; Technology and Engineering;

    Abstract : Sweden and Europe aim to be carbon neutral by 2045 and 2050 respectively. Upgrading the existing building stock has been identified as having great potential in assisting to realise these goals. READ MORE

  5. 5. Self-assessment for SMEs to address operational and environmental performance. : Combining SCOR, SustainableSCOR, and LCA methodologies in the food industry

    University essay from KTH/Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik

    Author : Franz Rothschild; [2022]
    Keywords : Supply chain management; environmental management; green supply chain management; sustainable chain management; performance measurement systems; SCOR; LCA; SustainableSCOR; SME;

    Abstract : As world population grows, so does the demand for resources exploitation and transformation. This, in turn, has an effect in the increase of the related wastes. Facing these challenges by designing and developing sustainable products and supply chains, processes, operations, and management is becoming increasingly important. READ MORE