Essays about: "protoplanetary disk"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 14 essays containing the words protoplanetary disk.

  1. 1. Forming wide-orbit planets via pebble accretion

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Astrofysik; Lunds universitet/Fysiska institutionen

    Author : Nerea Gurrutxaga; [2023]
    Keywords : Planet Formation; Pebble Accretion; Protoplanetary Disk; Wide-Orbit Planet; Physics and Astronomy;

    Abstract : The possibility that detected substructures in protoplanetary disks, such as gaps, rings and cavities, are created by distant protoplanets has prompted an inquiry into the mechanism responsible for their formation. These wide-orbit young bodies are likely to form relatively rapidly in the outer regions of circumstellar disks. READ MORE

  2. 2. How did Jupiter form?

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Astronomi - Genomgår omorganisation

    Author : Calle Ahlgren; [2019]
    Keywords : Planet formation; Planet migration; Physics and Astronomy;

    Abstract : Two relatively new concepts in planetary science are planetary migration; wherein the planets migrate through the protoplanetary disk as they form, and pebble accretion; wherein the planetesimals which become terrestrial planets and giant planet cores grow through the accretion of small pebbles. Planetary migration has become a generally accepted concept but there is still much to be learned even about how it affected the formation of our own solar system. READ MORE

  3. 3. The fate of pebbles and planetesimals entering protoplanetary envelopes

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Astronomi - Genomgår omorganisation

    Author : Emil Zadera; [2019]
    Keywords : Planet formation; planet; protoplanet; protoplanetary envelope; protoplanetary atmosphere; protoplanetary growth; planetary growth model; accretion rate; vapour blob; vapourblob; vapour planet; transport of water; water on planet; pebbles; planetesimals; pebble accretion; planetesimal accretion; meteors; ablation; fragmentation; sublimation; protoplanetary disk; MMSN; accretion window; accretion channel; accretion; destruction; disruption; terminal velocity; gas; gasflow; shearingbox; exoplanet; Physics and Astronomy;

    Abstract : Planetary embryos grow by the accretion of solid dust-material, ranging from cm- to m-sized pebbles up to km-sized planetesimals. However, the underlying size-distribution of the accreted material is poorly understood. READ MORE

  4. 4. Formation and Evolution of Protoplanetary Disks

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Astronomi - Genomgår omorganisation

    Author : Johan Appelgren; [2019]
    Keywords : protoplanetary disk; protoplanetary disk formation; protoplanetary disk evolution; planet formation; Physics and Astronomy;

    Abstract : A star forms with a surrounding protoplanetary disk after the collapse of a molecular cloud core. Subsequently, over a period of several Myr this protoplanetary disk of dust and gas is accreted onto the host star. We model the formation and evolution of such a protoplanetary disk using a one-dimensional numerical model. READ MORE

  5. 5. Influence of grain growth on the thermal structure of inner protoplanetary discs

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Astronomi - Genomgår omorganisation; Lunds universitet/Institutionen för astronomi och teoretisk fysik - Genomgår omorganisation

    Author : Sofia Savvidou; [2018]
    Keywords : protoplanetary disc; thermal structure; hydrodynamical simulations; grain size distribution; grain growth; opacity; iceline; Physics and Astronomy;

    Abstract : Protoplanetary discs surround young stars for the first few million years after their formation and they are the birthplaces of planetary systems. The thermal structure of the discs is regulated by their dust content and the opacity that it provides. READ MORE