Essays about: "top-down and bottom-up approaches"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 25 essays containing the words top-down and bottom-up approaches.

  1. 1. Machine Learning for Forecasting Signal Strength in Mobile Networks

    University essay from Linköpings universitet/Statistik och maskininlärning

    Author : Nikolajs Prihodko; [2018]
    Keywords : machine learning; time series; forecasting; mobile networks; var; neural networks; gru; gaussian processes; hyperparameter optimization;

    Abstract : In this thesis we forecast the future signal strength of base stations in mobile networks. Better forecasts might improve handover of mobile phones between base stations, thus improving overall user experience. Future values are forecast using a series of past sig- nal strength measurements. READ MORE

  2. 2. From visions of sharing power to building a culture of learning. Citizen participation in communication processes for development, in Malmö, Sweden

    University essay from Malmö universitet/Kultur och samhälle

    Author : Frida Leander; [2018]
    Keywords : citizen participation; communication for development; participatory communication; voice; power;

    Abstract : The City of Malmö, Sweden’s third largest city, has high ambitions when it comes to inclusion and participation from local businesses and universities, NGOs and citizens. The decision to democratize management and to change the city’s processes towards working on (more) equal terms with relevant actors, was made by the City Council in 2014 as a step towards a socially sustainable development. READ MORE

  3. 3. Fire Risk and Vulnerability in Urban Informal Settlements in Metro Manila

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Avdelningen för Riskhantering och Samhällssäkerhet

    Author : Darlene Rini; [2018]
    Keywords : Urban fire risks; informal settlement fires; urban fire risk management; GIS; URDI; urban disasters; risk indexing; fire statistics; Metro Manila; Quezon City; Science General;

    Abstract : Urban fires, particularly in informal settlements in rapidly urbanizing cities in the developing world, are an “everyday disaster” that oftentimes goes unnoticed or under-served in the face of disturbances of the more “lethal reputation”. These disturbances of normal existence are arguably the most debilitating to vulnerable communities and sustainable development, and yet get little attention in disaster literature or in practice. READ MORE

  4. 4. Approaches to political gender equality in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

    Author : Daniela Cudic; [2018]
    Keywords : gender equality; Bosnia and Herzegovina; women in politics; female underrepresentation; NGO; bottom-up approach; top-down approach; policy implementation; awareness-rising; gender-responsible budgeting; women in governments; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : How can the low representation of women in politics in Bosnia-Herzegovina be understood and what can a different approach add to already existing approaches to make Bosnia-Herzegovina more gender equal in terms of political representation of the genders? There has been established a Gender Equality Law that demands a 40% gender quota of political representation, but the gender representation has only reached a number of 26% at most. It can fairly be claimed that the top-down approach itself is deficient in this area based on the amount of laws and regulating documents that have been determined by the state to improve the gender inequality issue. READ MORE

  5. 5. A Qualitative Approach to Refugee Law and International Migrant Legislation: The Life Stories of Venezuelan Emigrants

    University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för globala studier

    Author : Lis Cristina Santamaría García; [2017-10-04]
    Keywords : Refugee Law; Refugee; Migrant; Emigrant; International Migrant Legislation; Venezuela; Case Study; Life Stories; Qualitative Research;

    Abstract : This research studies the Venezuelan emigrants’ case in order to contest refugee law and international migrant legislation. Fragments-of-life-stories & semi-structured interviews were used as bottom-up approach, and document research including NGO reports was conducted from a top-down perspective, aiming to provide a cohesive, comprehensive and coherent image of what it means to be a Venezuelan emigrant in the last eighteen years. READ MORE