Essays about: "top-down and bottom-up approaches"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 26 essays containing the words top-down and bottom-up approaches.

  1. 1. Urban Redevelopment in Shenzhen, China : Neoliberal Urbanism, Gentrification, and Everyday Life in Baishizhou Urban Village

    University essay from KTH/Urbana och regionala studier

    Author : Johan Backholm; [2019]
    Keywords : Urban Redevelopment; Neoliberal Urbanism; Gentrification; Urban Village; China;

    Abstract : Urban redevelopment is increasingly used as a policy tool for economic growth by local governments in Chinese cities, which is taking place amid rapid urbanization and in an expanding globalized economy. Along with the spatial transformation, urban redevelopment often entails socioeconomic change in the form of processes of gentrification, which is propelled by the dominance of neoliberal market-oriented policy and practice in the country. READ MORE

  2. 2. Machine Learning for Forecasting Signal Strength in Mobile Networks

    University essay from Linköpings universitet/Statistik och maskininlärning

    Author : Nikolajs Prihodko; [2018]
    Keywords : machine learning; time series; forecasting; mobile networks; var; neural networks; gru; gaussian processes; hyperparameter optimization;

    Abstract : In this thesis we forecast the future signal strength of base stations in mobile networks. Better forecasts might improve handover of mobile phones between base stations, thus improving overall user experience. Future values are forecast using a series of past sig- nal strength measurements. READ MORE

  3. 3. From visions of sharing power to building a culture of learning. Citizen participation in communication processes for development, in Malmö, Sweden

    University essay from Malmö universitet/Kultur och samhälle

    Author : Frida Leander; [2018]
    Keywords : citizen participation; communication for development; participatory communication; voice; power;

    Abstract : The City of Malmö, Sweden’s third largest city, has high ambitions when it comes to inclusion and participation from local businesses and universities, NGOs and citizens. The decision to democratize management and to change the city’s processes towards working on (more) equal terms with relevant actors, was made by the City Council in 2014 as a step towards a socially sustainable development. READ MORE

  4. 4. Fire Risk and Vulnerability in Urban Informal Settlements in Metro Manila

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Avdelningen för Riskhantering och Samhällssäkerhet

    Author : Darlene Rini; [2018]
    Keywords : Urban fire risks; informal settlement fires; urban fire risk management; GIS; URDI; urban disasters; risk indexing; fire statistics; Metro Manila; Quezon City; Science General;

    Abstract : Urban fires, particularly in informal settlements in rapidly urbanizing cities in the developing world, are an “everyday disaster” that oftentimes goes unnoticed or under-served in the face of disturbances of the more “lethal reputation”. These disturbances of normal existence are arguably the most debilitating to vulnerable communities and sustainable development, and yet get little attention in disaster literature or in practice. READ MORE

  5. 5. Approaches to political gender equality in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    University essay from Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

    Author : Daniela Cudic; [2018]
    Keywords : gender equality; Bosnia and Herzegovina; women in politics; female underrepresentation; NGO; bottom-up approach; top-down approach; policy implementation; awareness-rising; gender-responsible budgeting; women in governments; Law and Political Science;

    Abstract : How can the low representation of women in politics in Bosnia-Herzegovina be understood and what can a different approach add to already existing approaches to make Bosnia-Herzegovina more gender equal in terms of political representation of the genders? There has been established a Gender Equality Law that demands a 40% gender quota of political representation, but the gender representation has only reached a number of 26% at most. It can fairly be claimed that the top-down approach itself is deficient in this area based on the amount of laws and regulating documents that have been determined by the state to improve the gender inequality issue. READ MORE