Organizational effects and management of information security : A cross-sectoral case study of three different organizations
Abstract: Information technology (IT) can be used to empower an organization to enable it to continue evolving. One aspect in which an organization can evolve is in the form of information security. Previously, information security has been seen as a concern only for the IT-department. However, as the number of threats towards information has rapidly grown over the years, the concern for information security has also increased. The issue on how to keep information safe from unauthorized people has become more important as well as questioned over the years. During the last decades, the concept of information security has evolved to become a multi-dimensional concern affecting entire communities, societies, and organizations. This means that information security has been managed differently in the past, but today, new and other measures are required to ensure the secrecy of certain information. Due to this, organizations are forced to implement certain measures to counter these threats, but what are the effects of this? This thesis compares three different organizations over three different sectors and the purpose is to investigate the effects information security might have within an organization as well as how these effects are managed. With a focus on policies, training, and education of employees as well as the employee awareness, this thesis aims to answer how organizations see information security. Further, it aims to find out what consequences these effects have on their daily work. The results from this study have shown that increased security measures need to be highly motivated and in continuous dialogue with the employees to bring incentives for further use of the measures. An increase in information security can have a damaging effect on efficiency. Therefore, it is important that the organization is able to ensure the desired effect of increased security. With larger openness and accessibility, employees will have easier and quicker access to the information needed, which is essential for the effectivity within the organization, as well as higher incentives for attacks and malpractice of information.
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