Integral Video Coding

University essay from KTH/Kommunikationsteori


In recent years, 3D camera products and prototypes based on Integral imaging (II) technique have gradually emerged and gained broad attention. II is a method that spatially samples the natural light (light field) of a scene, usually using a microlens array or a camera array and records the light field using a high resolution 2D image sensor. The large amount of data generated by II and the redundancy it contains together lead to the need for an efficient compression scheme. During recent years, the compression of 3D integral images has been widely researched. Nevertheless, there have not been many approaches proposed regarding the compression of integral videos (IVs).

The objective of the thesis is to investigate efficient coding methods for integral videos. The integral video frames used are captured by the first consumer used light field camera Lytro. One of the coding methods is to encode the video data directly by an H.265/HEVC encoder. In other coding schemes the integral video is first converted to an array of sub-videos with different view perspectives. The sub-videos are then encoded either independently or following a specific reference picture pattern which uses a MVHEVC encoder. In this way the redundancy between the multi-view videos is utilized instead of the original elemental images. Moreover, by varying the pattern of the subvideo input array and the number of inter-layer reference pictures, the coding performance can be further improved. Considering the intrinsic properties of the input video sequences, a QP-per-layer scheme is also proposed in this thesis. Though more studies would be required regarding time and complexity constraints for real-time applications as well as dramatic increase of number of views, the methods proposed inthis thesis prove to be an efficient compression for integral videos.

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