Evaluation of the molecular epidemiology of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli associated with blood stream infections in China

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi

Abstract: The increasing number of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) associated with sepsis in China is the reason for designing the current study. During 2014-2016, thirty hospitals representing 10 different provinces in China was involved in collecting E. coli isolates causing blood stream infections. Early treatment with suitable antibiotics have been found to be of lifesaving importance in the case of care for septic patients. Thorough understanding of the pathogens involved is therefore crucial. Using antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PCR and Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST), the molecular characteristics of ESBL producing E. coli isolates could be determined. This study can report that the most common ESBL producing genes found were CTX-M-14 (51 isolates, 45,5%), CTX-M-55 (23 isolates, 20,5%) CTX-M-15 (22 isolates, 19,6%). In addition, 2 isolates (1,8%) were found to be SHV-11 positive which is another ESBL producing gene. As a side finding, 5 isolates harbored Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) encoding genes such as NDM-5 and NDM-1 which were found to coexist with CTX-M-55 and CTX-M-14 respectively. An MLST analysis resulted in the finding of 25 different and 17 previously unknown (16,2 %) sequence types. The most common sequence types were ST131 (18 isolates, 17,1 %) as reported previously.  No significant differences in antimicrobial susceptibility were identified whether ESBL producing genes such as SHV and CTX-M was present or not. This study indicates that there could be novel resistance mechanisms present among those isolates not encoding the genes of interest. However, this finding requires further research before it can be confirmed.

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