The EU Waste Shipment Proposal and Its Implications for the Secondary Route Steel Production - A scenario analysis considering energy use, CO2 emissions, and environmental costs
Abstract: The steel industry is one of the most polluting industries globally. There exists an EU waste shipment proposal that aims to restrict the EU export of waste in order to raise safe, environmental standards and circularity within the EU. Under this proposal, steel scrap is defined as waste and since the EU is the largest exporter of steel scrap globally, this has implications for the EU steel industry. This thesis intends to quantitatively analyse these implications in terms of energy demand, GHG emissions, and environmental costs. The quantitative method used is based on scenario analysis and applies the ‘scrap bonus’ approach. Results indicate there will be an increase in electricity energy demand leading to an increased demand for green electricity. CO2 emissions might increase, however, there are also possible savings of increased scrap use, also in costs. On EU level, the proposal is identified as beneficial to the steel industry.
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