Performance Evaluation and Comparison of Standard Cryptographic Algorithms and Chinese Cryptographic Algorithms
Abstract: Background. China is regulating the import, export, sale, and use of encryption technology in China. If any foreign company wants to develop or release a product in China, they need to report their use of any encryption technology to the Office of State Commercial Cryptography Administration (OSCCA) to gain approval. SM2, SM3, and SM4 are cryptographic standards published by OSCCA and are authorized to be used in China. To comply with Chinese cryptography laws organizations and companies may have to replace standard cryptographic algorithms in their systems with Chinese cryptographic algorithms, such as SM2, SM3, and SM4. It is important to know beforehand how the replacement of algorithms will impact performance to determine future system costs. Objectives. Perform a theoretical study and performance comparison of the standard cryptographic algorithms and Chinese Cryptographic algorithms. The standard cryptographic algorithms studied are RSA, ECDSA, SHA-256, and AES-128, and the Chinese cryptographic algorithms studied are SM2, SM3, and SM4. Methods. A literature analysis was conducted to gain knowledge and collect information about the selected cryptographic algorithms in order to make a theoretical comparison of the algorithms. An experiment was conducted to get measurements of how the algorithms perform and to be able to rate them. Results. The literature analysis provides a comparison that identifies design similarities and differences between the algorithms. The controlled experiment provides measurements of the metrics of the algorithms mentioned in objectives. Conclusions. The conclusions are that the digital signature algorithms SM2 and ECDSA have similar design and also similar performance. SM2 and RSA have fundamentally different designs, and SM2 performs better than RSA when generating keys and signatures. When verifying signatures, RSA shows comparable performance in some cases and worse performance in other cases. Hash algorithms SM3 and SHA-256 have many design similarities, but SHA-256 performs slightly better than SM3. AES-128 and SM4 have many similarities but also a few differences. In the controlled experiment, AES-128 outperforms SM4 with a significant margin.
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