A research study on cultural competence at HVB homes in Sweden.

University essay from Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS)

Abstract: In autumn 2015 the largest refugee crisis occurred in Europe since world war two (Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, MSB 2018). Sweden experienced a migrant flow from various countries because of wars and conflicts in the world (Swedish migration agency, 2016).Many unaccompanied minors, mainly from Afghanistan, needed to be taken care of in different family homes or HVB homes. To provide nursing and basic needs for the unaccompanied refugee children, the personnel must be able to handle and understand cultural differences and situations that may arise from this. Cultural competence can be crucial to provide good care for these minors. Purpose; The purpose of this study is chosen in order to understand if adequate training is available for the staff at HVB homes, if the staff feels informed about cultural diversities and if the education given helps in order to detect problems and thus be aware of them. With the help of this research, the author hopes that problems such as untrained personnel and lack of knowledge regarding cultural sensitivity can be highlighted in order to develop fitful education to give optimal care for the unaccompanied refugee minors. Knowledge is one of the pillars for the development of a well-functioning society. Method: The study was performed as a qualitative interview study in which three interviews were made with personnel working at different HVB homes. As a complement to deepen the study online surveys were used. Result: The information collected in this paper states that personnel at HVB homes lack adequate cultural competence and have seen negatively affecting cultural practices. The personnel do not have tools and knowledge to deal with problems that may arise, which limits the safety of the unaccompanied refugee minors.

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