Grain protein content and its assocoation with the NAC-protein genes HvNAM1 and HvNAM2 in Nordic barley

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Biologi


Hunger is a problem faced by many people all over the world, and as the population grows, so does the need for food such as cereals. Because of this, the need for food with higher protein and nutrient content will be increasingly important. NAM-B1, a NAC-protein gene in wheat, has been shown to control the grain protein content and nutrient values, as well as senescence. In barley, two orthologous genes have been found, HvNAM1 and HvNAM2. This study focuses on Nordic barley accessions and how haplotypes of HvNAM1 and HvNAM2 correlate to the grain protein content (GPC) and nutrient content. No correlations between the different haplotypes of the HvNAM genes and the nutrient content and GPC were found. No differences in nutrient content and GPC were found in Nordic accessions originating from Sweden, Norway, Finland, or Denmark, nor were differences found for improvements status groups or for six-row barley and two-row barley. The Nordic accessions were shown to generally have high GPC when compared to control groups Karl and Lewis. However, even if the results of this study indicate that the HvNAM genes do not have major effects on the nutrient contents or GPC, Nordic barley might still be good material for plant improvement. Other factors such as other genes, environmental effects, and gene expression should therefore be investigated.

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