Tanzanian nurses’ exposure and experience of violence : A questionnaire study

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap


Introduction: Physical and verbal violence within the health care sector, especially towards nurses, is a problem that have been reported from many countries worldwide. 

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine workplace-related violence, and its outcomes, experienced by Tanzanian nurses in a tertiary hospital facility.

Method: This was a descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study.  The study was carried out in patient wards in a tertiary hospital facility. 54 nurses’ working at a hospital in Tanzania with regular contacts with patients were asked to return a questionnaire, comprising 17 questions with fixed-alternative answers.

Results: Of the 32 participants (59% response rate), 16 nurses reported having experienced physical or verbal violence. The most common type of violence was “verbal threat/aggression” (n = 11) and the most common source of aggression was from “patient relative/visitor” (n = 9).

Conclusion: The main findings of this study confirmed that workplace-related violence towards nurses’ did occur in the hospital where the study took place. The results are supported by existing research and literature that workplace-related violence is a worldwide problem. Education and awareness regarding violence prevention as a part of nursing education could help preventing workplace-related violence.

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