The Participation and Contribution of Local Non-Governmental Organisations from the Global Southern States of the Middle East North Africa Region, to Global Governance on Climate Change Displacement : Exploring Change Through the Global Compact on Migrati
Abstract: The aim of this research is to analyse how local, Southern Middle East and North African NGOs are included or excluded in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees and how they contribute to a changing global governance on climate change displacement. A combined theoretical framework of social constructivism interlinked with structural and social concepts of power was used in the research. The methodology is a qualitative empirical case study using mixed methods, being textual and content analysis. The results show that global governance processes and non-state actors change and transform each other. Change occurs gradually and with strong persuasion from non-state actors who do contribute to a changing discourse on climate change displacement. The research thus contributes an example of marginalised actors both constituting and being constituted by the structure of the two global compacts.
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