Synthesis of Tabular Financial Data using Generative Adversarial Networks

University essay from KTH/Matematisk statistik; KTH/Matematisk statistik

Abstract: Digitalization has led to tons of available customer data and possibilities for data-driven innovation. However, the data needs to be handled carefully to protect the privacy of the customers. Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are a promising recent development in generative modeling. They can be used to create synthetic data which facilitate analysis while ensuring that customer privacy is maintained. Prior research on GANs has shown impressive results on image data. In this thesis, we investigate the viability of using GANs within the financial industry. We investigate two state-of-the-art GAN models for synthesizing tabular data, TGAN and CTGAN, along with a simpler GAN model that we call WGAN. A comprehensive evaluation framework is developed to facilitate comparison of the synthetic datasets. The results indicate that GANs are able to generate quality synthetic datasets that preserve the statistical properties of the underlying data and enable a viable and reproducible subsequent analysis. It was however found that all of the investigated models had problems with reproducing numerical data.

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