Generative Adversarial Networks for Image-to-Image Translation on Street View and MR Images

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Institutionen för medicinsk teknik; Linköpings universitet/Institutionen för medicinsk teknik

Abstract: Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) is a deep learning method that has been developed for synthesizing data. One application for which it can be used for is image-to-image translations. This could prove to be valuable when training deep neural networks for image classification tasks. Two areas where deep learning methods are used are automotive vision systems and medical imaging. Automotive vision systems are expected to handle a broad range of scenarios which demand training data with a high diversity. The scenarios in the medical field are fewer but the problem is instead that it is difficult, time consuming and expensive to collect training data. This thesis evaluates different GAN models by comparing synthetic MR images produced by the models against ground truth images. A perceptual study is also performed by an expert in the field. It is shown by the study that the implemented GAN models can synthesize visually realistic MR images. It is also shown that models producing more visually realistic synthetic images not necessarily have better results in quantitative error measurements, when compared to ground truth data. Along with the investigations on medical images, the thesis explores the possibilities of generating synthetic street view images of different resolution, light and weather conditions. Different GAN models have been compared, implemented with our own adjustments, and evaluated. The results show that it is possible to create visually realistic images for different translations and image resolutions.

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