Male vs. Female Leadership and their Influence on Employee Motivation : The Case of Sandvik in Sweden

University essay from Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för ekonomi; Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för ekonomi


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore and compare male vs. female leadership styles characteristics and how those leadership styles influence employee motivation. 

Design, Method & Approach: This study is a combination of exploratory and descriptive research since the purpose was to explore and describe the characteristics of Gender Leadership determining how it influences employee motivation in a working environment.   Data have been collected by conducting interviews,which was analyzed by analytic generalization and qualitative content analysis. When it comes to validity & reliability, the data have been collected from a real life case study of Sandvik where the gathered information from interviewees has been analyzed with correspondence to the purpose of the study. 

Findings: Transformational Leadership practiced by both male and female managers characterizes the leadership style of Sandvik R&D Mining Department. Transformational Leadership is proven an effective leadership style in order to create employee motivation by visible opinions, goals, team collaboration and personal development. These motivational factors are supported by the employees influencing their motivation regardless of gender. 

Implication: This study provides understanding of how Gender Leadership influences employee motivation on a theoretical, managerial and societal level based on the results of this study. 

Suggestions for Future Research: Our work suggests future studies in other departments within the same business sector in order to get a deeper understanding of how Gender Leadership influences employee motivation. Providing the need of gender studies regarding women in management positions is also recommended. Lastly, studies comparing Transformational and Transactional Leadership from a gender perspective is recommended.

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