The Road to (In)security: India’s Perception of Insecurity Towards the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

University essay from Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för globala studier

Abstract: Infrastructural techno-political regimes are growing all over the world. One such regime, theChinese One Belt One Road project (OBOR) is planned to have transnational connections to over65 countries, in Africa, Asia, and Europe. OBOR’s flagship project is the US$62 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Pakistan and China’s common neighbor in the South Asianregion, India, is one of few states in Asia that has not agreed to join the OBOR. Instead, India hassince the launch of the CPEC continuously voiced security concerns over it. The aim of this thesis isto explore the perception of insecurity that the Indian government create against the techno-politicalregime of CPEC. Along these lines, this thesis furthers the knowledge of how infrastructuraltechno-political regimes shape (in)security. It does so by building on the theoretical framework oftechno-politics and securitization of infrastructure. The thesis uses discourse analysis and documentanalysis as methods. It finds that infrastructural techno-political regimes are concerned withsecuring connectivity, flow, and territorial control, viewing them as referent objects.Simultaneously, however, the same regime might be seen as a security threat by other politicalentities. In the case analyzed, the infrastructural techno-political regime of CPEC is seen as asecuritized threat by the Indian government. Infrastructure technology produced by CPEC promotesa securitized discourse of connectivity, flow, and territorial control as a cause of; regional tension,national rivalries, unnecessary competitiveness, terrorism, and sovereignty issues.

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