Estimation and Pre-Processing of Sensor Data in Heavy Duty Vehicle Platooning

University essay from Linköpings universitet/ReglerteknikLinköpings universitet/Tekniska högskolan

Abstract:

Today, a rapid development towards fuel efficient technological aids for vehicles is in progress. One step towards this is the development of platooning systems. The main concept of platooning is to let several heavy duty vehicles (HDVs) drive in a convoy and share important information with each other via wireless communication. This thesis describes one out of three subsystems in a project developed to handle the process from raw sensor data to control signal. The goal of the project is to achieve a safe and smooth control with the main purpose of reduced fuel consumption.

This subsystem processes the raw sensor data received from the different HDVs. The purpose is to estimate the positions and velocities of the vehicles in a platoon, taking into account that packet-loss, out of sequence measurements and irrelevant information can occur. This is achieved by filtering the information from different sensors in an Extended Kalman Filter and converting it into a local coordinate system with the origin in the ego vehicle. Moreover, the estimates are sorted and categorized into classes with respect to the status of the vehicles.

The result of the thesis is useful estimates that are independent of outer effects in a local reference system with origin in the host vehicle. This information can then be used for further sensor fusion and implementation of a Model Predictive Controller (MPC) in two other subsystems. These three subsystems result in a smooth and safe control with an average reduced fuel consumption of approxi- mately 11.1% when the vehicles drive with a distance of 0.5 seconds in a simulated environment. 

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