Phased array antenna element evaluation
Abstract: This thesis evaluates two array antenna elements for large phased array antennas. The two antenna concepts are a surface mounted notch element and a PIFA (Planar Inverted F Antenna). The antennas have been simulated at S-band in Ansys HFSS as a unit cell in an infinite array environment. Thereafter, a finite 7 x 7 element array of the two concepts was simulated. A corresponding 49 element array, using the notch element, was built and measured upon. Embedded element patterns and S-matrix parameters have been measured. From this result, full array antenna patterns as well as active reflection coefficients have been calculated. The measurements show very good performance for large scan angles and a wide frequency range.
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