Development of EMT Simulation Model to Use RMS Control Model

University essay from KTH/Skolan för elektro- och systemteknik (EES)

Author: Priya Kalikavunkal; [2016]

Keywords: ;

Abstract:

Evolution is continuous and as a result, developments in semiconductors are endless. This led to the Voltage Source Converter (VSC) based High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) converter termed as HVDC light. HVDC light is quite preferable because of its pros in the technology used as well as the application it is used for. For instance, the VSC technology allows independent control of the real and reactive power and has reduced short circuit current. HVDC light are used in applications such as wind power integration, offshore power supply, underground transmission and in enhancing connected AC networks. It is vital that the control system in HVDC ensures the stability of the system and the power flow between the AC and DC systems. This is done by determining the instant at which the IGBT’s are fired in the converterstations (at both rectifier and inverter). ABB has developed RMS (using sequence components and phasors) control system based on the actual control system in a fully graphical programming language tool known as Hidraw. This RMS control has been implemented in other simulation software such as Netomac, Power factory and PSS/E. the RMS control Model is named by ABB as Common Component. The thesis aims at implementing an RMS control Model in an EMT (Electro Magnetic Transient Tools) simulation, carried out at the department of High Voltage Direct Current at ABB, Ludvika. The RMS control Model is a developed power system control and protection model which uses a simplified representation of areal time control system. When implemented, the RMS control model results are then compared with the detailed control representation implemented in PSCAD. The thesis is a result of ABB’s innovative ideas in implementing the RMS control model called Common Component into various other simulation tools of different compatibility that enables the control system to be exercised and exploited to its fullest. It also gives the prospect in developing the control system to ensure the electrical system is more efficient. The control system implemented in the EMT tool will enable developing better EMT models. The Common Component is developed but has not been implemented in PSCAD. There has been no reference to such work being carried out. Hence no reference has been referred to specific to the main work. Currently the EMT tool uses a detailed representation that shares the same code as the actual control system, MACHTM (Modular Advanced Control for HVDC) [9] control system. The implementation of Common Component in PSCAD requires an interface between them to pass the necessary parameters between them. The Common Component is developed in C++ and FORTRAN while PSCAD uses FORTRAN and hence proper interface in C++ is developed. Thereafter the electrical model representing one HVDC station (rectifier) is modelled in PSCAD. Four electrical models are implemented, described and evaluated to achieve proper control in the electrical system. The electrical models are operated in STATCOM (Static synchronous compensator) mode, where either reactive power or AC Voltage Control can be used. The model is run in reactive power control mode and the system is studied along with the control system for the required control. Model 4 gives more accurate results compared with the other models. There is better reactive power control in monitoring the PCC (point of common Coupling) and converter bus of the HVDC system. Since the Common Component is a simplified representation of the MACH [9] control system, it can behanded over to third parties without IP concerns. A simplified representation also gives the advantage of reduced simulation time. The electrical model can be further extended for both the converter stations and assessed for other control modes such as real power, dc voltage control and ac voltage control. Also the model needs to be further investigated on its behavior when subjected to faults.

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