Samverkansplanering : en jämförande studie mellan praktik och teori

University essay from SLU/Dept. Of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management

Abstract: Why There is today, according to my experience, a growing interest and demand for a more inclusive and transparent planning process. Also, if we are going to be able to reach a truly sustainable society it is my belief that there is a need for a more integrated collaboration between different actors. Where the social, economic and ecological values can influence and benefit from each other. The question then is, how can the planning system accommodate that kind of collaboration? Purpose My aim for this thesis has been to study a selection of the theoretical work that exist about collaborative planning. Also I chose to study a local project with the aim of creating a planning team, composed of residents from the village. By comparing the theory with the experience from the project I was hoping to reach a better understanding of the possibilities and problems with collaborative planning. This is needed to learn about how a collaborative planning process could be improved in a Swedish context. Theory For the theoretical study I have focused on work by professor emeritus Patsy Healey who is one of the leading expert on collaborative planning. To connect her theoretical work to a Swedish context I have also studied work by Swedish researchers. The main reasons for implementing a more inclusive planning system that I found in the theoretical work are: - Increased social and institutional capital. - Combination of professional and experience based knowledge. - Broader understanding and acceptance for the planning issues and solutions. - Possibility of better representation of different actors and values within the society. Collaborative planning – a comparative study of theory and practice What needs to be done: - Thoroughly examine the structure of the process and the prerequisites for it to function. - Expose and balance the power structure. - Find an unbiased process leader that is able to both to facilitate the process and balance the power relations. - Clearly define the possibilities and limits for the project and the different actors mandate. - Identify actors and compose a balanced representation in the project. Collaborative planning as P Healey proposes, is a policy driven planning process. Experts, inhabitants, storekeepers e t c form a team that through consensus agrees on a policy to use as guidance for the future planning. By focusing on policy decisions it is possible to reduce the risk of conflicts connected to specific geographic issues. The policy is then translated into an action plan. Project As a second part of my thesis I have been observing a project and interviewing the participants. The project had the aim to establish a local planning team for a regeneration project. From the interviews it became apparent that the relations between the team, politicians (who gave the group the mandate)and the civil servants and specialists within the municipality's organisation were of great importance. The issues that were discussed and the projects that were initiated were usually small in scale and very site specific. Conclusion What is needed to improve the possibilities of a truly collaborative planning is primarily process leaders that can balance and facilitate the process. There is also the need for political support and the ability to balance the power relations within the group. A long time commitment will also be necessary for the success of such a process. There is in my opinion a suitable scale to start these processes and that is some where in between the local development plan (small scale) and the comprehensive plan (large scale).

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