Deep Learning for Positioning with MUSIC

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Kommunikationssystem

Abstract: Estimating an object’s position can be of great interest in several applications,and there exists many different methods to do so. One approach is with Directionof Arrival (DOA) measurements from receivers to use the triangulation techniqueto estimate one or more transmitter’s position. One algorithm which can find theDOA measurements from several transmitters is the MUltiple SIgnal Classification(MUSIC) algorithm. However, this still leaves a ambiguity problem which givesfalse solutions, so called ghost points, if the number of receivers is not sufficient.In this report solving this problem with the help of deep learning is studied. Thethesis’s main objective is to investigate and study whether it is possible to performpositioning with measurements from the MUSIC-algorithm using deep learningand image processing methods. A deep neural network is built in TensorFlow and trained and tested using datagenerated from MATLAB. This thesis’s setup consists of two receivers, which areused to locate two transmitters. The network uses two MUSIC spectra from thetwo receivers, and returns a probability distribution of where the transmittersare located. The results are compared with a traditional method and are analysed.The results presented in this thesis show that it is possible to perform positioningusing deep learning methods. However, there is a lot of room for improvementwith accuracy, which can be an important future research direction to explore.

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