Energy-aware adaptation in Cloud datacenters

University essay from Blekinge Tekniska Högskola/Institutionen för datalogi och datorsystemteknik

Abstract: Context: Cloud computing is providing services and resources to customers based on pay-per-use. As the services increasing, Cloud computing using a vast number of data centers like thousands of data centers which consumes high energy. The power consumption for cooling the data centers is very high. So, recent research going on to implement the best model to reduce the energy consumption by the data centers. This process of minimizing the energy consumption can be done using dynamic Virtual Machine Consolidation (VM Consolidation) in which there will be a migration of VMs from one host to another host so that energy can be saved. 70% of energy consumption will be reduced/ saved when the host idle mode is switched to sleep mode, and this is done by migration of VM from one host to another host. There are many energy adaptive heuristics algorithms for the VM Consolidation. Host overload detection, host underload detection and VM selection using VM placement are the heuristics algorithms of VM Consolidation which results in less consumption of the energy in the data centers while meeting Quality of Service (QoS). In this thesis, we proposed new heuristic algorithms to reduce energy consumption. Objectives: The objective of this research is to provide an energy efficient model to reduce energy consumption. And proposing a new heuristics algorithms of VM Consolidationtechnique in such a way that it consumes less energy. Presenting the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed heuristics algorithms is also considered as objectives of our experiment. Methods: Literature review was performed to gain knowledge about the working and performances of existing algorithms using VM Consolidation technique. Later, we have proposed a new host overload detection, host underload detection, VM selection, and VM placement heuristic algorithms. In our work, we got 32 combinations from the host overload detection and VM selection, and two VM placement heuristic algorithms. We proposed dynamic host underload detection algorithm which is used for all the 32 combinations. The other research method chosen is experimentation, to analyze the performances of both proposed and existing algorithms using workload traces of PlanetLab. This simulation is done usingCloudSim. Results: To compare and get the results, the following parameters had been considered: Energy consumption, No. of migrations, Performance Degradation due to VM Migrations (PDM),Service Level Agreement violation Time per Active Host (SLATAH), SLA Violation (SLAV),i.e. from a combination of the PDM, SLATAH, Energy consumption and SLA Violation (ESV).We have conducted T-test and Cohen’s d effect size to measure the significant difference and effect size between algorithms respectively. For analyzing the performance, the results obtained from proposed algorithms and existing algorithm were compared. From the 32 combinations of the host overload detection and VM Selection heuristic algorithms, MADmedian_MaxR (Mean Absolute Deviation around median (MADmedian) and Maximum Requested RAM (MaxR))using Modified Worst Fit Decreasing (MWFD) VM Placement algorithm, andMADmean_MaxR (Mean Absolute Deviation around mean (MADmean), and MaximumRequested RAM (MaxR)) using Modified Second Worst Fit Decreasing (MSWFD) VM placement algorithm respectively gives the best results which consume less energy and with minimum SLA Violation. Conclusion: By analyzing the comparisons, it is concluded that proposed algorithms perform better than the existing algorithm. As our aim is to propose the better energy- efficient model using the VM Consolidation techniques to minimize the power consumption while meeting the SLAs. Hence, we proposed the energy- efficient algorithms for VM Consolidation technique and compared with the existing algorithm and proved that our proposed algorithm performs better than the other algorithm. We proposed 32 combinations of heuristics algorithms (host overload detection and VM selection) with two adaptive heuristic VM placement algorithms. We have proposed a dynamic host underload detection algorithm, and it is used for all 32 combinations. When the proposed algorithms are compared with the existing algorithm, we got 22 combinations of host overload detection and VM Selection heuristic algorithms with MWFD(Modified Worst Fit Decreasing) VM placement and 20 combinations of host overload detection and VM Selection heuristic algorithms with MSWFD (Modified Second Worst FitDecreasing) VM placement algorithm which shows the better performance than existing algorithm. Thus, our proposed heuristic algorithms give better results with minimum energy consumption with less SLA violation.

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