The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Trollhättan Energy optimization
Abstract: The world is experiencing increasing energy usage owing to environmental impacts suchas climate change, Ozone layer depletion, and global warming. Energy usage is primarily categorized into transport, industrial, residential, and service sectors, with the transportation and industrial sectors taking up a considerable chunk of the energy use; Buildings partly determine the use of energy globally. This review presents a critical analysis of energy demand and uses in the building sector considering the energy optimization for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Trollhättan, including the local energy requirements. The modelling software IDA-ICE isused to conduct simulations for different scenarios. The IDA-ICE software links the actual building images with the isometric views done on a computer. The energy balance of buildings is considered with respect to the three methods for heat transfer, the U-value,ventilation, heating load, and cooling load. The study results show that the building relieson electricity and fuel for its energy supply and that fuel consumption takes the highest share, 60 %. Retrofit 1 (where the oil and electric boilers are replaced by geothermal heat pump with COP 4 for heating and domestic hot water), Retrofit 2 (which keeps changes from Retrofit_1 and where a new AHU with a VAV system replaces the existing two AHUs), and Retrofit 3 (which keeps changes from Retrofit_2 and only connects the heating system to district heating) are designed as part of the findings to understand the variation sin comfort reference, supplied Energy, used Energy, utilized Energy, auxiliary Energy, and the Energy of all zones during heating and cooling. The model results indicate that Retrofit2 demonstrates better results than the other two since it has a higher energy-saving capacity. The energy reduction for Retrofit model 1 is about 33.4 %, while Retrofit model 2 has 55% and model 3 has 33%, significantly decreasing the associated costs. The LCC analysis shows payback for the first model 6.73 years with an investment cost of 700 000 SEK, the second model has 5.84 with 1 million SEK investment, and the third model has 3.4 years with 350 000 SEK.
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