Microstructure and Magnetic Properties for Mn-Al based Permanent Magnet Materials

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Fasta tillståndets fysik

Author: Axel Nyberg; [2017]

Keywords: ;

Abstract: Manganese-Aluminium is an alloy with attractive ferromagnetic propertieswhenL10-structured ( -phase). If sucient permanent magnetic propertiescan be achieved at a low cost, it has potential to be a new permanentmagnet material on the market. In this thesis, drop synthesized ingots ofMn55Al45C2 were crushed and examined as solid pieces and as powders.The goal was to better understand how the material behaves magneticallyafter synthesis in relation to its chemical composition and cooling rate. Representativecross-sections of solid ingot pieces were created by mounting thepieces in polyfast followed by polishing. The surfaces were studied withScanning Electron Microscopy and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy tomap the chemical composition and then by Magnetic Force Microscopy andMagneto-optic Kerr eect to see how the chemical composition inuencesthe magnetic properties. It was found that areas richer in aluminium (Al),compared with the rest of the surface, behaved non-magnetically. The resultsfrom X-ray diraction on the powders suggests that the Al-rich areasconsists of the non-magnetic- and 2-phases.The powder that was extracted from the top of one of the drop synthesizedingots was nearly pure -phase but did not have an impressive magnetization.A complementary magnetic measurement was done on a solid piece from thetop part. This piece was found to reach a higher magnetization at a lowereld. The result indicates that crushing the material, even just by hand witha mortar and pestle, greatly reduces the magnetization.

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