ANFIS BASED OPPURTUNISTIC POWER CONTROL FOR COGNITIVE RADIO IN SPECTRUM SHARING

University essay from Blekinge Tekniska Högskola/Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap; Blekinge Tekniska Högskola/Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap

Abstract: Cognitive radio is a intelligent technology that helps in resolving the issue of spectrum scarcity. In a spectrum sharing network, where secondary user can communicate simultaneously along with the primary user in the same frequency band, one of the challenges in cognitive radio is to obtain balance between two conflicting goals that are to minimize the interference to the primary users and to improve the performance of the secondary user. In our thesis we have considered a primary link and a secondary link (cognitive link) in a fading channel. To improve the performance of the secondary user by maintaining the Quality of Service (Qos) to the primary user, we considered varying the transmit power of the cognitive user. Efficient utilization of power in any system helps in improving the performance of that system. For this we proposed ANFIS based opportunistic power control strategy with primary user’s SNR and primary user’s channel gain interference as inputs. By using fuzzy inference system, Qos of primary user is adhered and there is no need of complex feedback channel from primary receiver. The simulation results of the proposed strategy shows better performance than the one without power control. Initially we have considered propagation environment without path loss and then extended our concept to the propagation environment with path loss where we have considered relative distance between the links as one of the input parameters.

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