IoT Security in Practice : A Computer Security Analysis of the IKEA “TRÅDFRI” Platform

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Informationskodning

Abstract: In order to develop secure Internet of Things (IoT) devices, it is vital that security isconsidered throughout the development process. However, this is not enough as vulnerabledevices still making it to the open market. To try and solve this issue, this thesis presentsa structured methodology for performing security analysis of IoT platforms. The presented methodology is based on a black box perspective, meaning that theanalysis starts without any prior knowledge of the system. The aim of the presentedmethodology is to obtain information in such a way as to recreate the system design fromthe implementation. In turn, the recreated system design can be used to identify potentialvulnerabilities. Firstly the potential attack surfaces are identified, which the methodology calls inter-faces. These interfaces are the point of communication or interaction between two partsof a system. Secondly, since interfaces do not exist in isolation, the surrounding contextsin which these interfaces exist in are identified. Finally the information processed by theseinterfaces and their contexts are analyzed. Once the information processed by the iden-tified interfaces in their respective contexts are analysed, a risk assessment is performedbased on this information. The methodology is evaluated by performing an analysis of the IKEA “TRÅDFRI”smart lighting platform. By analysing the firmware update process of the IKEA “TRÅD-FRI” platform it can be concluded that the developers have used standardized protocolsand standardized cryptographic algorithms and use these to protect devices from ma-licious firmware. The analysis does however find some vulnerabilities, even though thedevelopers have actively taken steps to protect the system.

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