The Responsibility to Protect - A Critical Case Study of the Central African Republic
Abstract: Governments around the world committed to the Responsibility to Protect principle at the World Summit in 2005. The principle declares that states have the primary responsible to protect its population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and that this responsibility is transferred to the international community if a state would be unable or unwilling to protect its population. This is a controversial principle since it implies a modification of both state sovereignty and the norm of non-intervention. This study investigates how the R2P is referred to, and why, in the case of the Central African Republic. This will be done by conducting a critical discourse analysis of resolutions from the United Nations Security Council. The two main wings of the English school theory, solidarists and pluralists, will be applied in order to understand the nature of R2P. This study finds clear references to the R2P but also indications of sensitivity surrounding the sovereign concept and the international response. The conclusion can be drawn that the solidarist international society can better explain how the R2P is referred to in the United Nations Security Council resolutions concerning the Central African Republic.
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