The Market Graph : A study of its characteristics, structure & dynamics
In this thesis we have considered three different market graphs; one solely based on stock returns, another one based on stock returns with vertices weighted with a liquidity measure and lastly one based on correlations of volume fluctuations. Research is conducted on two different markets; the Swedish and the American stock market. We want to introduce graph theory as a method for representing the stock market in order to show that one can more fully understand the structural properties and dynamics of the stock market by studying the market graph. We found many signs of increased globalization by studying the clustering coefficient and the correlation distribution. The structure of the market graph is such that it pinpoints specific sectors when the correlation threshold is increased and different sectors are found in the two different markets. For low correlation thresholds we found groups of independent stocks that can be used as diversified portfolios. Furthermore, the dynamics revealed that it is possible to use the daily absolute change in edge density as an indicator for when the market is about to make a downturn. This could be an interesting topic for further studies. We had hoped to get additional results by considering volume correlations, but that did not turn out to be the case. Regardless of that, we think that it would be interesting to study volume based market graphs further.
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