The third way in Hungary between 1945 and 1956

University essay from Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV)

Abstract: This thesis introduces the concept of the third way in politics, why focusing on how the idea was present in the political sphere in Hungary between 1945 and 1956. The time frame was chosen as in both years Hungarians saw a complete turmoil in their country, which could have been a chance to introduce a completely new system. The paper argues for the third way not having a real chance of becoming the main ideology in the country, due to domestic and foreign political reasons. Furthermore, in Hungary the third way was never a new ideology on its own, but rather a modification or mixture of various already existing elements. Despite all the hardships, however, the third way was present positively throughout the whole period and became a strong influencer of various political parties from the agrarians to the socialists. It also played a significant part in the 1956 revolution and what was planned to come after.

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