Case Study On Chinas And Swedens Development Strategy In Ethiopia
Abstract: Development assistance has been important in providing sustained socio-economic progress in a developing country. Overall, it has decreased consumption poverty, contributed to a rapid expansion of modern sectors (industry), enhanced government spending, and increased aggregate investment. However, not all countries and aid organizations follow the same development guidelines but compose different development strategies. In this research, I will make an analytical comparison between China's development strategy, which is mainly directed at achieving societal development, and Sweden's development strategy which is more focused on the rights of the individual. This research will analyze the development strategies of the two aforementioned countries in Ethiopia, as both countries have a longstanding relationship of providing development assistance there. Furthermore, the Ethiopian government has been showing signs of developmental authoritarianism, which is concurrent with China's development strategy and national political system. Nevertheless, various conflicts and human rights violations suggest the need for policies more focused on individual rights, as Sweden presented. I will analyze the current situation in Ethiopia through the theoretical concept "negative-positive peace framework". Additionally, this research will analyze if and how the donor countries are benefiting from the development assistance, and how the development strategies affect global actors outside of Ethiopia.
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