University essay from Lunds universitet/Sociologi

Abstract: During the last three decades, the number of NGOs within the educational field in India has increased dramatically due to the Indian government struggling with providing free quality education. NGOs in India have been praised for their contribution to development, but also criticized for inefficiency and lack of accountability. This case study provides an empirical example of a NGO called Mother Miracle, a local actor in the field of Education and Poverty Reduction (EPR) in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, northern India. The study brings up the issue of accountability, and discusses mechanisms used to track the impact of the NGO in its local community. The study includes qualitative data collected during participant observation at Mother Miracle, and uses three theoretical frameworks in its analysis; accountability, postcolonial and organization theory. Insights from the study shows the complexity of development in practice and the social impact of a grassroot NGO. The case aims to contribute to the academic discussion about the role of NGOs within the field of education and poverty reduction in India, and raise new questions and awareness about NGOs accountability.

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