Sensitivity analysis of pluvial flood modelling tools for dense urban areas : A case study in Lundby-Lindholmen, Gothenburg

University essay from Luleå tekniska universitet/Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser

Abstract: As a result of the global climate change, extreme precipitation is occurring more frequently which increases the risk of flooding, especially in urban areas. Urbanisation is widely discussed regarding urban flooding where an increase of impervious surfaces limits the infiltration and increases the surface runoff. Flooding events in urban areas are increasing around the world and can cause large damages on infrastructure and buildings, which makes the cities vulnerable. Urban flood models are an important tool for analysing the capacity of the drainage systems, to predict the extent of the events and to find optimal locations to implement measures to prevent damages from flooding. In this project, a sensitivity analysis in MIKE FLOOD, a coupled 1D-2D flood model developed by DHI is presented, where sewer- and surface systems are integrated. The aim with this project is to investigate how the result of a coupled flood model vary in relation to changes in input parameters. The sensitivity analysis is performed to evaluate how different parameters impact the model output in terms of water depth and variations in cost of flooded buildings, roads, rail- and tramways. The analysis is applied in a case study in Lundby-Lindholmen, Gothenburg city, Sweden. The results show that modelling without infiltration influenced the model output the most, with the largest increase both in terms of cost and water depth over the investigated area. Here the correlation between the initial water saturation and location of the applied pre-rain was highlighted. The model outputs were less sensitive to changes in surface roughness (expressed as Manning value) than without infiltration but did lead to measurable changes in surface water depth and distribution while the flood damage cost didn’t show any major changes. Additionally, the coupled flood model was evaluated in terms of handling changes in magnitudes of rain-events. Data indicates the shorter the return period, the smaller the flood propagation, as well as the flood damage cost decreases with shorter return periods. The data evaluated supports the use of this coupled model approach for shorter return periods in terms of flood propagation.

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