Matrix Integrals : Calculating Matrix Integrals Using Feynman Diagrams

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Teoretisk fysik

Abstract:

In this project, we examine how integration over matrices is performed. We investigate and develop a method for calculating matrix integrals over the set of real square matrices. Matrix integrals are used for calculations in several different areas of physics and mathematics; for example quantum field theory, string theory, quantum chromodynamics, and random matrix theory. Our method consists of ways to apply perturbative Taylor expansions to the matrix integrals, reducing each term of the resulting Taylor series to a combinatorial problem using Wick's theorem, and representing the terms of the Wick sum graphically with the help of Feynman diagrams and fat graphs. We use the method in a few examples that aim to clearly demonstrate how to calculate the matrix integrals.

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