Simulation of FMCW mode MIMO Radar for Performance Analysis as Industrial Safety System

University essay from KTH/Skolan för elektroteknik och datavetenskap (EECS)

Abstract: In industrial environments workers can be prone to dangerous situations that may cause harm. In order to prevent accidents and fulfill legislative requirements for safe working condition, a safety system can be needed to be installed in place. In an attempt to bring a principal improvement in the safety standards offered by conventional systems in existence, a radar sensor is proposed for the detection of dangerous situations. This thesis explores the limiting performance of the radar sensor in an industrial safety system. The radar sensor is an FMCW mode MIMO radar and we develop a model to simulate the radar sensor based on its hardware design. The model is utilized to deduce and analyze the performance limits of the radar sensor, by using a Finite Element Method to determine the electromagnetic scattering response of a target in the operating frequency band, 60-64 GHz. Appropriate dielectric and magnetic properties of human tissue is assigned to obtain accurate scattering responses of a human body target. The performance analysis is done by comparing the reflection from various protruding body parts, with the reflection from the torso, over a wide range of postures of the body. Further, CFAR, a common form of detection algorithm is applied on a few of the postures to detect a protruding part the body. Finally, a discussion on the limited performance is made, and potential methods to enhance the performance of the radar sensor in an industrial safety system are suggested. 

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