Sensor modelling for anomaly detection in time series data

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Statistik och maskininlärning

Abstract: Mechanical devices in industriy are equipped with numerous sensors to capture thehealth state of the machines. The reliability of the machine’s health system depends on thequality of sensor data. In order to predict the health state of sensors, abnormal behaviourof sensors must be detected to avoid unnecessary cost.We proposed LSTM autoencoder in which the objective is to reconstruct input time seriesand predict the next time instance based on historical data, and we evaluate anomaliesin multivariate time series via reconstructed error. We also used exponential moving averageas a preprocessing step to smooth the trend of time series to remove high frequencynoise and low frequency deviation in multivariate time series data.Our experiment results, based on different datasets of multivariate time series of gasturbines, demonstrate that the proposed model works well for injected anomalies and realworld data to detect the anomaly. The accuracy of the model under 5 percent infectedanomalies is 98.45%.

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