Comparison of numerical methods for solving a system of ordinary differential equations: accuracy, stability and efficiency
Abstract: In this thesis, we compute approximate solutions to initial value problems of first-order linear ODEs using five explicit Runge-Kutta methods, namely the forward Euler method, Heun's method, RK4, RK5, and RK8. This thesis aims to compare the accuracy, stability, and efficiency properties of the five explicit Runge-Kutta methods. For accuracy, we carry out a convergence study to verify the convergence rate of the five explicit Runge-Kutta methods for solving a first-order linear ODE. For stability, we analyze the stability of the five explicit Runge-Kutta methods for solving a linear test equation. For efficiency, we carry out an efficiency study to compare the efficiency of the five explicit Runge-Kutta methods for solving a system of first-order linear ODEs, which is the main focus of this thesis. This system of first-order linear ODEs is a semi-discretization of a two-dimensional wave equation.
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