Self-balancing robot : WiFi steerable self-balancing robot

University essay from KTH/Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM); KTH/Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM)

Abstract: This bachelor thesis aims to investigate the viability of using two wheeled self-balancing robots for package deliveries. The movement of the two wheeled self-balancing robot resembles the human movement more than a traditional four wheeled vehicle. The goal of the report is to build a selfbalancing robot to investigate how far from the center axis a weight can be added, as well as what the response time of a Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) connection for steering the robot is and how it compares to a Bluetooth connection. Balance of the robot was achieved by using a Proportional-IntegralDerivative (PID) controller with inputs from a gyroscope and accelerometer. Stepper motors were used to maneuver the robot. When the robot was constructed tests were performed to evaluate how far from the center axis a weight could be added. A test was also performed to evaluate the WiFi connection response time with regard to the distance between the operator and the robot, as well as the maximum range and how it compares to Bluetooth. The results showed that a one kilogram weight could be added five centimeters from the center axis, that the response time was around 10-20 milliseconds for a distance up to 35 meters. A WiFi connection has a longer range compared to Bluetooth and also has a lower response time.

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