Prevalence of depressive symptoms and needs of support from surrounding social relationships amongst pregnant women in the upper northeast of Thailand

University essay from Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Abstract: According to the World Health Organization (2016), 10% of all pregnant women worldwide suffers from some kind of mental disorder, mainly depression. This is considered a women’s health issue and there is a great lack of studies conducted in low- and middle- income countries. The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst Thai pregnant women, in the upper northeast of Thailand, and their need of support from surrounding social relationships. A cross-sectional descriptive design with a quantitative method was used for this study. The results show that 28% of the participants had a possible minor or major depression scoring > 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. 51.6% of the women reported feeling anxious or worried during the past seven days. Health personnel were mostly needed as support regarding knowledge and attention during pregnancy and childbirth. Husband/partner were mainly wanted as support with attention and concern about pregnancy, reaching an understanding with spouse’s family, support related to the baby’s gender and support with household activities. Mother/mother-in-law was the most important source of support regarding taking care of the baby. In conclusion, screening and interventions towards perinatal depression is much needed in the upper northeast of Thailand. Further research is required to investigate the role of social support during pregnancy. 

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