"I'LL NEVER DO INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM HERE IN TANZANIA IN MY ENTIRE LIFE" Challenges of press freedom and female journalists in mainland Tanzania
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of the study is to reflect the perceived professional identities offemale journalists in relation to investigative journalism and how much thelegislative restrictions by the state change their perceived possibilities toproduce journalism according to their ideals.Theory: Findings are discussed with the theory of social capital by Pierre Bourdieu. InThe Forms of Capital (1986), Bourdieu introduces the accumulation ofdifferent forms of capital, such as social and cultural capital.Method: The study in hand is based on empirical research and its chosen approach is theconcept of social capital by Pierre Bourdieu. Empirical research has beenconducted by document collecting, interviewing, and participant observation.The data consists of six semi-structured interviews of educated femalejournalists. On top of empirical data, publications by the Media Council ofTanzania were collected and analyzed: Press freedom violations register(2016), Compendium of analyzes of media related laws in Tanzania (2020),Challenging the Glass ceiling: Study of Women in the Newsroom in Tanzania(2019), and Gender in Media Policy (2019). The conclusions are based on boththe interviews and the document analysis.Result: Women produce and report investigative journalism in Tanzania, andjournalists of female gender consider working with it to be possible with theirlevel of competence, but there is a strong sense of self-censorship among theprofessionals because of the legislation created to hinder journalism.Journalists need to work in favor of the government, or they risk being banned,fined, or imprisoned. The situation above refers to all genders, but femalejournalists must hold their professionalism to a higher standard to protectthemselves from inappropriate demands within and outside newsrooms.
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