Facilitating comprehension of Swift programs

University essay from Linnéuniversitetet/Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DM)

Abstract: Program comprehension is the process of gaining knowledge about software system by extracting it from its source code or observing its behavior at runtime. Often, when documentation is unavailable or missing, this is the only reliable source of knowledge about the system, and the fact that up to 50% of total maintenance effort is spent understanding the system makes it even more important. The source code of large software systems contains thousands, sometimes millions of lines of code, motivating the need for automation, which can be achieved with the help of program comprehension tools. This makes comprehension tools an essential factor in the adoption of new programming languages. This work proposes a way to fill this gap in the ecosystem of Swift, a new, innovative programming language aiming to cover a wide range of applications while being safe, expressive, and performant. The proposed solution is to bridge the gap between Swift and VizzAnalyzer, a program analysis framework featuring a range of analyses and visualizations, as well as modular architecture which makes adding new analyses and visualizations easier. The idea is to define a formal model for representing Swift programs and mapping it to the common program model used by VizzAnalyzer as the basis for analyses and visualizations. In addition to that, this paper discusses the differences between Swift and programming languages which are already supported by VizzAnalyzer, as well as practical aspects of extracting the models of Swift programs from their source code.

  AT THIS PAGE YOU CAN DOWNLOAD THE WHOLE ESSAY. (follow the link to the next page)