Analysis of new and alternative encryption algorithms and scrambling methods for digital-tv and implementation of a new scrambling algorithm (AES128) on FPGA.

University essay from Linköpings universitet/Institutionen för systemteknikLinköpings universitet/Tekniska högskolan

Author: Gustaf Bengtz; [2014]

Keywords: DVB; scrambling; CISSA; cipher; CSA; CSA3; AES128; FPGA;

Abstract:

This report adresses why the currently used scrambling standard CSA needs a replacement. Proposed replacements to CSA are analyzed to some extent, and an alternative replacement (AES128) is analyzed.

One alternative being the CSA3, and the other being the CISSA algorithm. Both of the proposed algorithms use the AES algorithm as a base. The CSA3 combines AES128 with a secret cipher, the XRC, while CISSA uses the AES cipher in a feedback mode. The different utilizations makes CSA3 hardware friendly and CISSA software friendly.

The implementation of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is analyzed for a 128 bit key length based design, and a specific implementation is presented.

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