Machine Learning Based Intraday Calibration of End of Day Implied Volatility Surfaces
Abstract: The implied volatility surface plays an important role for Front office and Risk Management functions at Nasdaq and other financial institutions which require mark-to-market of derivative books intraday in order to properly value their instruments and measure risk in trading activities. Based on the aforementioned business needs, being able to calibrate an end of day implied volatility surface based on new market information is a sought after trait. In this thesis a statistical learning approach is used to calibrate the implied volatility surface intraday. This is done by using OMXS30-2019 implied volatility surface data in combination with market information from close to at the money options and feeding it into 3 Machine Learning models. The models, including Feed Forward Neural Network, Recurrent Neural Network and Gaussian Process, were compared based on optimal input and data preprocessing steps. When comparing the best Machine Learning model to the benchmark the performance was similar, indicating that the calibration approach did not offer much improvement. However the calibrated models had a slightly lower spread and average error compared to the benchmark indicating that there is potential of using Machine Learning to calibrate the implied volatility surface.
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