Financing of SMEs in Sweden and China engaged in foreign trade

University essay from Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för ekonomi; Högskolan i Gävle/Avdelningen för ekonomi

Abstract: Small and medium-sized enterprise is most advanced and vigorous in economic development. It is the main power of GDP growth, which can expand employment, promote technological innovation and strengthen the economic structure non-governmentally. But SMEs have great difficulties accessing finance all over the world. In this dissertation, we aim to compare the foreign trade SMEs betweenSwedenandChina, find the differences between SME financing inSwedenandChina, and try to find solutions to the financing problems inChinafrom the Swedish experience. We takeSwedenandChinaas cases, interview two companies and a bank to collect data and analyze the empirical findings with the Modigiliani-Miller Theorem, trade-off Theory, Packing order Theory, Financing gap, Transaction Cost Theory and Institution economics. Through making a comparison withSweden, we have found that the Aggregate Capital Trust for SMEs is one of the more innovative financial forms inChina, and Chinese SMEs still survive through people-to-people credit.

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