Ponto de Inflexao: Patterns of Occupational Tipping in Brazil
Abstract: This thesis explores the dynamics behind occupational segregation in Brazil. Applying the theoretical framework of Schelling (1971) into a labour market context, it is investigated whether occupations in Brazil exhibit tipping. Making use of a method by Pan (2015), occupations are shown to exhibit discontinuous declines in growth of net male employment at tipping points between 22% and 72% from 1960 to 1991, providing evidence for patterns of occupational tipping. In creating an index of male gender prejudice, the link between tipping points and male preferences towards working with women is explored. The results show no evidence for the prediction, based on Schelling's theories, that regions in which men are more gender-prejudiced tip at lower female shares compared to more tolerant regions.
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